Kecerdasan Emosi dan Komitmen Afektif: Peranan Keterikatan Kerja sebagai Pengantara

Rogis Baker, Hazril Izwar Ibrahim

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Matlamat kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji hubungan secara langsung antara kecerdasan emosi dengan keterikatan kerja dan hubungan keterikatan kerja dengan komitmen afektif. Di samping itu, kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengkaji peranan keterikatan kerja sebagai pengantara terhadap hubungan antara kecerdasan emosi dengan komitmen afektif. Memandangkan masih kurang kajian empirikal dijalankan dalam mengkaji peranan keterikatan kerja sebagai pengantara terutamanya di antara hubungan kecerdasan emosi dengan komitmen afektif, maka kajian ini dilihat dapat menambahkan sumber literatur kepada pengkaji lain. Kajian telah dijalankan ke atas sampel seramai 372 pegawai polis di lima negeri iaitu Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Johor, Sarawak dan Sabah. Pengujian hipotesis telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis PLS-SEM. Hasil analisis mendapati: (1) empat dimensi kecerdasan emosi iaitu menilai emosi diri (SEA), mengenal emosi orang lain (OEA), menggunakan emosi (UOE) dan mengawal emosi (ROE) mempunyai hubungan secara langsung yang positif dan signifikan dengan keterikatan kerja; (2) keterikatan kerja mempunyai hubungan secara langsung yang positif dan signifikan dengan komitmen afektif; (3) keterikatan kerja mempunyai kesan pengantara terhadap hubungan antara keempat-empat dimensi kecerdasan emosi (SEA, OEA, UOE dan ROE) dengan komitmen afektif. Hasil kajian ini telah membuktikan bahawa keterikatan kerja berperanan sebagai pengantara di antara hubungan kecerdasan emosi dengan komitmen afektif. Penemuan ini juga menandakan bahawa kepentingan elemen kecerdasan emosi dalam mempengaruhi kesetiaan dan komitmen pegawai polis.

Kata kunci: Kecerdasan emosi; keterikatan kerja; komitmen afektif; pegawai polis

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the direct relationship between emotional intelligence and job engagement, and the relationship between job engagement and affective commitment. In addition, this study also aims to examine the role of job engagement as a mediator on the relationship between emotional intelligence and affective commitment. As there is scarce empirical studies conducted with regard to the role of job engagement as a mediator, particularly between emotional intelligence and affective commitment, this study contributes towards enriching in this field of study. The study was conducted using a sample of 372 police officers in five states, namely Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Johor, Sarawak and Sabah. Hypothesis testing was analysed using PLS-SEM analysis. Results indicated that: (1) four dimensions of emotional intelligence consisting of self-emotional appraisal (SEA), other’s emotional appraisal (OEA), use of emotion (UOE) and regulation of emotion (ROE) have positive direct and significant relationship with job engagement; (2) job engagement has a positive and significant direct relationship with affective commitment; and (3) job engagement has a significant role as a mediator between the relationship of the four dimensions of emotional intelligence (SEA, OEA, UOE and ROE) with affective commitment. The results of this study have proven that job engagement was significant in the role of mediator to influence emotional intelligence in the relationship with affective commitment. These findings also indicate the importance of emotional intelligence in influencing loyalty and commitment of the Police officers.

Keywords: Emotional intelligence; job engagement; affective commitment; police officer


Keywords


kecerdasan emosi; keterikatan kerja; komitmen afektif; pegawai polis

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