An Exploratory Study on the Relationship between the Personal Factors of the Perpetrator and Workplace Bullying

Nur 'Izzati Hidzir, Mastura Jaafar, Alireza Jalali, Norziani Dahalan

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Many countries worldwide have considered workplace bullying as an important national agenda. This issue has been extensively discussed by scholars who have determined that bullying severely affects an organization. However, discussions on workplace bullying in the perspective of the perpetrators still remain inadequate. This study aims to examine the relationship between the personal factors and job insecurity of the perpetrator with workplace bullying. It intends to understand the factors that contribute to workplace bullying among Malaysian workers. This research applied the quantitative method of data collection and used SmartPLS M2 version 2.0 to analyse data. The regression analysis showed that personal factors positively affected workplace bullying. In contrast, no significant relationship was found between job insecurity and workplace bullying.

Keywords: Workplace bullying; personal factors; job insecurity

ABSTRAK

Banyak negara di seluruh dunia telah menganggap perbuatan buli di tempat kerja ini sebagai salah satu agenda penting negara. Isu ini telah banyak dibincangkan oleh penyelidik-penyelidik yang membuktikan bahawa perbuatan buli di tempat kerja ini menjejaskan organisasi dengan teruk. Walau bagaimanapun, perbincangan mengenai buli di tempat kerja melalui perspektif pelaku masih tidak mencukupi. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan antara faktor-faktor peribadi dan ketiadaan jaminan pekerjaan si pelaku dengan buli di tempat kerja. Ia bertujuan untuk memahami faktor-faktor yang menyumbang kepada buli di tempat kerja di kalangan pekerja-pekerja di Malaysia. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah pengumpulan data kuantitatif dan menggunakan SmartPLS M2 versi 2.0 untuk menganalisis data. Analisis regresi menunjukkan faktor-faktor peribadi mempunyai kesan yang positif dengan buli di tempat kerja. Sebaliknya, tiada keputusan signifikan didapati antara ketiadaan jaminan pekerjaan dan buli di tempat kerja.

Kata kunci: Buli di tempat kerja; faktor personal; ketiadaan jaminan pekerjaan


Keywords


workplace bullying, personal factors, learned behavior, social reject, self-esteem, job insecurity

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