Accepted or Not: Homosexuality, Media, and the Culture of Silence in the Philippine Society

John Angelo De Leon, Joseph Jintalan

Abstract


The presence of homosexuals in mainstream media is widespread in the Philippines. Case in point are the images of homosexuals depicted in a popular Philippine noontime variety show. As an observer, it gives an outright impression that there seems to be an acceptance of homosexuality among the Filipinos as manifested by how they are being patronized through these sketches. The aim of the paper is to investigate how Filipinos seem to have a culture of silence in terms of accepting same sex marriage despite the presence and seemingly acceptance of homosexuals in mainstream media. Through qualitative audience analysis, audience reactions were observed while watching segments of the noontime shows which depict homosexual roles. This paper argues that Filipinos seem to lose acceptance of homosexuality on the matter of basic human right such as the right to marriage and legal union due to being considered as a predominant Catholic country with its long colonial history with the Spaniards. Furthermore, the paper argues that colonial and postcolonial perspectives play a bigger role on same-sex marriage discourses. The researchers posited that there seems to be a culture of silence in Philippine society in terms of same-sex marriage because of this colonial and postcolonial ideologies. This implies a continuiung cycle of cultural and ideological reproduction on matters concerning homosexuality. The kind of mindset passed through culture and social institutions, like the church, sustains this culture of silence. Likewise, the culture of silence reinforces the colonial and postcolonial perspectives on same-sex marriage and homosexuality.

 

Keywords: Colonialism, culture of silence, homosexuality, mainstream media, postcolonialism .

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersson, G., Noack, T., Seierstad, A., & Weedon-Fekjaer, H. (2006). Demographics of same-sex marriages 79 T the demographics of same-sex marriages in Norway and Sweden*. Demography, 43(1), 79–98. doi: https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.2006.0001

Bagas, J. (2017). Is the Philippines ready for same-sex marriage? Retrieved from https://www.esquiremag.ph/politics/gay-marriage-essential-to-functioning-democracy-a1588-20170329-lfrm

BBC. (2012). Portryal of lesbian, gay and bisexual people on the BBC. Retrieved from http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/diversity/pdf/lgb_portrayal_update_2012_withquotes.pdf

Chamie, J., & Mirkin, B. (2011). Same-sex marriage: A new social phenomenon. Population and Development Review, 37(3), 529–551. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2011.00433.x

Conde, C. (2017). Philippines should adopt Same-sex Marriage. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/03/20/philippines-should-adopt-same-sex-marriage

Gallagher, M., & Baker, J. K. (2004). Same-sex unions and divorce risk: Data from Sweden. Retrieved from http://www.noesigual.org/manifestacion/documentos/ princetondivorcerisk.pdf

Garcia, J. N. C. (2004). Male homosexuality in the philippines: A short history. Reumatismo, 63(2), 111–123. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21776448

Human Rights Watch. (2017). “Just let us be” discrimination against LGBT students in the Philippines. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/report/2017/06/21/just-let-us-be/discrimination-against-lgbt-students-philippines

International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. (2011). Human rights violations on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, and homosexuality on the Philippines. Retrieved from http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CCPR/Shared Documents/PHL/INT_CCPR_NGO_PHL_106_9911_E.pdf

Joaquin, A. (2014). Carrying the cross: Being gay, catholic, and Filipino. Sociology and Anthropology Student Union Undergraduate Journal, 1(1), 17–28.

Jung, P. (2007). Homosexuality and religion: An encyclopedia. In J. Siker (Ed.), Homosexuality and religion: An encyclopedia. USA: Greenwood Press.

Lawton, C., & Morgan, P. (2007). Ethical issues in six religious traditions. Edinburgh University Press.

Lim, A. (2011). GALANG: A movement in the making for the rights of poor LBTs in the Philippines. Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID). Retrieved from https://www.awid.org/sites/default/files/atoms/files/changing_their_world_2_-_galang-_rights_of_poor_lbts_in_the_philippines.pdf

Manalastas, E. J., Torre, B., Manalastas, E. J., & Torre, B. A. (2016). LGBT psychology in the Philippines. Psychology of Sexuality Review, 7(1), 60–72.

Nadal, K. L., & Corpus, M. J. H. (2013). “Tomboys” and “baklas”: Experiences of lesbian and gay Filipino Americans. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 4(3), 166–175. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030168

Pan, P. L., Meng, J., & Zhou, S. (2010). Morality or equality? Ideological framing in news coverage of gay marriage legitimization. Social Science Journal, 47(3), 630–645. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2010.02.002

Patton, D., & Blaine, T. (2001). Public issues education: Exploring extension’s role. Journal of Extension, 39(4).

Payuyo, L. A. (2012). The portrayal of gays in popular Filipino films, 2000 to 2010. Philippine Sociological Review, 60, 291–322. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/43486348

Prieler, M., & Centeno, D. (2013). Gender representation in Philippine television advertisements. Sex Roles, 69(5–6), 276–288. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-013-0301-4

Tagudina, I. (2012). Media representations of the LGBT community and stereotypes’ homophobic reinforcement (Unpublished Research, Manila, Philippines).

Tan, M. (2001). Survival through pluralism: Emerging gay communities in the Philippines. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(4), 117–142.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (2011). The universal declaration of human rights. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/

UNDP, & USAID. (2014). Being LGBT in Asia: The Philippines country report. Bangkok, Thailand. Retrieved from https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/ 1861/2014UNDP-USAID Philippines LGBT Country Report - FINAL.pdf

United Nations. (2010). Universal decriminalization of homosexuality a human rights imperative – Ban. Retrieved from https://news.un.org/en/story/2010/12/361672

Uy, J. (2015). Filipino catholic population expanding, say church officials. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved from http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/463377/filipino-catholic-population-expanding-say-church-officials

Wang, Z. (2017). Eyeing marriage equality: News media representation of same-sex marriage legalization debate in Taiwan (Unplublished master’s thesis, Lund University, Lund, Sweden).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.