ICT Usage Amongst Lecturers and Its Impact Towards Learning Process Quality

Andre Hasudungan Lubis, Syed Zulkarnain Syed Idrus, Asiah Sarji

Abstract


The use of ICT in education has caused substantial changes in learning and brought many benefits to higher learning institutions. However, the development of ICT in the institution of higher education in Indonesia is a minus value compared to other Southeast Asia countries (e.g., Singapore and Malaysia). This is due to several factors which are the lack of knowledge and lack of motivation, especially in Medan, North Sumatera. Medan as the fourth largest city in Indonesia has a low penetration of ICT utilization compared to the other cities which is smaller than it is. Previous studies have found that there is a positive relationship between variables, which are motivation towards ICT usage, knowledge level towards ICT usage, and ICT usage towards learning process quality. This paper addresses the issue by demonstrating a method of study to identify the impact of ICT usage towards learning process quality by lecturers in Medan, Indonesia. As a result, the application of the quantitative research design and data collection through survey questionnaire was considered as the most appropriate method to receive the outcome of the study. Statistical techniques which are the descriptive statistical analysis and regression analysis methods proposed as the means to analyze the data.

Keywords: ICT, motivation, knowledge, learning process quality, higher education.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abi, P. K. (2012). Proses pembelajaran musik bagi kelompok band just 4_u di SMA BOPKRI 1 Yogyakarta (Thesis (S1), Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia). Diperoleh dari http://eprints.uny.ac.id/8120/

Aghiesna, U. (2015). Pengertian, macam, komponen, dan peranan ICT. Diperoleh pad October 28, 2015, dari http://aghiesna.blogspot.my/2015/03/pengertian-macam-komponen-danperanan.html

Akbar, N., Ratnawati, V., & Novita, V. (2010). Pengaruh pengetahuan teknologi informasi, pemanfaatan teknologi informasi, dan faktor kesesuaian tugas-teknologi terhadap kinerja akuntan internal. Jurnal Ekonomi, 18(2), 79-91.

Amin, S. N.U. (2013). An effective use of ict for education and learning by drawing on worldwide knowledge, research, and experience: ICT as a change agent for education. Scholarly Journal Of Education, 2(4), 38-45.

Ansah, S. O. (2013). Application of information and communication technology (ICT): a comparative analysis of male and female academics in Africa. Library Philosophy and Practice (ejournal), 1087.

APJII. (2015). Profil pengguna Internet Indonesia 2014. Jakarta, Indonesia: Asosiasi Penyedia Jasa Internet Indonesia.

Arwildayanto. (2013). Manajemen sumber daya manusia perguruan tinggi. Gorontalo, Indonesia: Ideas Publishing.

Balraj, S., Nordin, M. Z., Pandian, A., Ismail, J., & Yi, L. J. (2010). Young people and new media - Social uses, social shaping, and social consequences. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia: Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Basak, E., & Calisir, F. (2014). Uses and gratifications of LinkedIn: An exploratory study. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2014 Vol II - WCE 2014, July 2 - 4, 2014, London, U.K.

Cannell, K. (2013). An investigation of the attitudes of a group of lecturers at the University of the Witwatersrand towards the academic use of Facebook and the integration of other information and communications technologies. Johannesburg, South Africa: University of the Witwatersrand.

Celebic, G., & Rendulic, D. I. (2011). ITdesk.info – Project of computer e-education with open access, basic concepts of information and communication technology. Zagreb, Croatia: Open Society for Idea Exchange (ODRAZI).

Cox, M., Preston, C., & Cox, K. (1999). What motivates teachers to use ICT?. Presented paper at British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, Brighton, UK.

Cummings, N. M. (2008). The uses and gratification of communication in virtual spaces: Media depictions of second life, 2002-2008. Eugene, USA: University of Oregon.

Danarwati, Y. S. (2013). Manajemen pembelajaran dalam upaya meningkatkan mutu pendidikan. Jurnal Mimbar Bumi Bengawan, 6(13), 1-18.

Dawson, C. (2002). Practical research methods. Oxford, UK: How To Books Ltd.

Dijk, J. A. (2012). The evolution of the digital divide the digital divide turns to inequality of skills and usage. In J. Bus et al. (Ed.), Digital Enlightenment Yearbook 2012 (pp. 57-75). Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press.

Fathima, S. (2013). Challenges of ICT in teaching learning process. International Journal Of Engineering and Science, 51-54.

Freeman, I., & Hasnaoui, A. (2010). Information and communication technologies (ICT): A tool to implement and drive corporate social responsibility (CSR). Paper presented at 15th International Conference of the Association Information and Management 2010, AIM 2010.

Gallegoa, M. D., Buenoa, S., & Noyes, J. (2016). Second life adoption in education: A motivational model based on uses and gratifications theory. Computers & Education, 100, 81-93.

Gani, A. W., Siarap, K. H., & Mustafa, H. (2006). Penggunaan komputer dalam pengajaranpembelajaran dalam kalangan guru sekolah menengah: Satu kajian kes di Pulau Pinang. Kajian Malaysia, XXIV(1&2), 203-225.

Garson, G. D. (2012). Testing statistical assumptions. Asheboro, USA: Statistical Associates Publishing.

Guo, Z., Zhang, Y., & Stevens, K. J. (2009). A 'uses and gratifications' approach to understanding the role of wiki technology in enhancing teaching and learning outcomes. Paper presented at European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) 2009, (p. 77), Pretoria, South Africa.

Gulhane, G. L. (2016). Integrating ICT in Teacher Education. MIER Journal of Educational Studies, Trends and Practices, 1(2).

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2010). Multivariate data analysis. New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education.

Harbi, H. E. (2014). An examination of Saudi high school teachers’ ICT knowledge and implementation. Queensland, Australia: Queensland University of Technology.

Harwell, M. R. (2011). Research design in qualitative/quantitative/mixed methods. In C. Conrad & R. C. Serlin (Eds.), Research in Education: Pursuing ideas as the keystone of exemplary inquiry (pp. 147-182). California, USA: SAGE Publications.

Hazita Azman, A. S., Hussin, S., Hasim, M. S., & Hassan, M. A. (2014). Determining digital maturity among ICT users in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Communication, 30(1), 23-35.

Hénard, F. (2010). Review on quality teaching in higher education. OECD Publishing.

Hermana, B. (2014). Teknologi informasi dan komunikasi di negara-negara Asia: Hubungannya dengan variabel ekonomi makro dan pengembangan sumber daya manusia. Jakarta, Indonesia: Universitas Gunadarma.

Hong, K.S., & Songan, P. (2011). ICT in the changing landscape of higher education in Southeast Asia. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(8), 1276-1290.

Husita, D. (2015). Alasan kenapa memilih Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (PTN). Diperoleh pada December 9, 2015, dari http://www.kompasiana.com/husita/alasan-kenapa-memilihperguruan-tinggi-negeri-ptn_5575ca11a623bd0d3249d70d

Jere, M., & Davis, M. S. (2011). An application of uses and gratifications theory to compare consumer motivations for magazine and Internet usage among South African women’s magazine readers. Southern African Business Review, 15, 1-27.

Kandasamy, M., & Shah, P. (2014). Knowledge, attitude and use of ICT among ESL teachers. Proceedings of the Global Summit on Education (pp. 914-930). Retrieved from

http://worldconferences.net/proceedings/gse2013/papers_gse2013/247%

Moganashwari% 20Kandasamy-Parilah% 20Bt% 20Hj.% 20Mohd% 20Shah.pdf

Khasawneh, M. M. (2012). Adoption of information and communication technology in teaching and learning environment in Jordanian Higher Education Institusions. Sintok, Malaysia: Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Kim, J. K., & Shao, J. (2013). Statistical methods for handling incomplete data. London, UK: Chapman & Hall / CRC.

Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology methods and techniques. New Delhi, India: New Age International Publisher.

Koziol, N. A., & Bilder, C. R. (2014). MRCV: A package for analyzing categorical variables with multiple response options. The R Journal, 6(1), 144-150.

Lavassani, K. M., Movahedi, B., & Kumar, V. (2009). Developments in analysis of multiple response survey data in categorical data analysis: The case of enterprise system implementation in large North American firms. Journal of Applied Quantitative Methods, 4(1), 45-53.

Lee, K. T. (2001). Using ICT as a subject, tool for curriculum, and co-curricular resource. In UNESCO-ACEID, Using ICT for Quality Teaching, Learning and Effective Management (pp. 41-55). Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCO.

Leeuw, E. D., Hox, J. J., & Dillman, D. A. (2008). International handbook of survey methodology. NY: Taylor & Francis.

Lubis, Z., & Osman, A. (2015). Statistika dalam penyelidikan sains sosial. Kangar, Malaysia: Penerbit UniMAP.

Madhubhashini, G. T., Salman, A., Mahmood, W. A., & Ahmad, F. (2013). Issues related to Internet diffusion: A case study on ICT related projects in Sri Lanka. Malaysian Journal of Communication, 29(2), 69-78.

Mubarak, W. I. (2007). Promosi kesehatan sebuah metode pengantar proses belajar mengajar dalam pendidikan. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Graha Ilmu.

Mumcu, F. K., & Usluel, Y. K. (2010). ICT in vocational and technical schools: Teachers' instructional, managerial and personal use matters. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9(1), 98-106.

Obahiagbon, K., & Osahon, O. J. (2014). Information and communication technology (ICT) key tool for enhancing teaching and learning in Nigeria: A study of two tertiary institutions in Benin Metropolis. American Journal of Educational Research, 2(12), 1257-1259.

Perbawaningsih, Y. (2013). Plus minus of ICT usage in higher education students. ProcediaSocial and Behavioral Sciences, 103, 717–724.

Phua, J., Jin, S. V., & Kim, J. J. (2017). Uses and gratifications of social networking sites for bridging and bonding social capital: A comparison of Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 115-122.

Pinder, C. (2008). Work motivation in organizational behavior (2nd ed.). New York, USA: Psychology Press.

Putri, A. A. (2015). Di luar Jawa, Hanya dua universitas yang berakreditasi A!. Diperoleh pada December 15, 2015, dari http://edukasi.kompas.com/read/2015/11/17/

/PR.Besar.Di.Luar.Jawa.Hanya.Dua.Universitas.yang.Berakreditasi.A

Redaksi-Campus. (2015). Lulusan perguruan tinggi di Indonesia masih jauh tertinggal. Diperoleh pada September 19, 2015, dari http://www.campusguide.co.id/ lulusan-perguruan-tinggidi-indonesia-masih-jauh-tertinggal/

Ritter, N. L. (2010). Understanding a widely misunderstood statistic: Cronbach’s α. Southwest Educational Research Association. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association Feb 17-20, 2010, New Orleans, LA (pp. 1-17).

Rubin, A. M. (2002). Media uses and effects: A uses and gratifications perspective. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp. 525-544). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Ruggiero, T. (2000). Uses and gratification theory in the 21st century. Mass Communication and Society, 3-37.

Salman, A., & Pulungan, S. M. (2017). Pendedahan diri, motivasi dan kepuasan penggunaan Facebook dalam menjalin persahabatan. Malaysian Journal of Communication, 33(1), 438-459.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2012). Research methods for business students (6th ed.). London, UK: Pearson.

Sekaran, U. (2003). Research methods for business. New York, USA: Hermitage Publishing Services.

Siahaan, R. S. (2011). Konstruksi identitas diri murid pada Lembaga Pendidikan Non Formal (Studi Kasus pada Pusat Kegiatan Belajar Masyarakat (PKBM) Emphaty Medan). Medan, Indonesia: Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Spang, M. (2017). An examination of the uses and gratifications of utilitarian and experiential online shoppers. New York, USA: Rochester Institute of Technology.

Stes, A. (2008). Impact of instructional development in higher education. Gent, Belgium: Academia Press.

Sucipta, I. N. (2013). Keunggulan bersaing perguruan tinggi swasta. Diperoleh pada December 9, 2015, dari http://www.balipost.co.id/mediadetail.php?module=detailrubrik&kid=4&id=7265

Suharsaputra, U. (2015). Manajemen pendidikan perguruan tinggi. Bandung, Indonesia: PT Refika Aditama.

Sumarno. (2012). Rendahnya mutu pendidikan tinggi Indonesia: Penyebab dan strategi peningkatannya. Jurnal Pendidikan, 3(2).

Surjono, H. D. (2013). Peranan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (ICT) dalam peningkatan proses pembelajaran yang inovatif. Kajian dibentangkan di Seminar Nasional Pendidikan & Saintec 18 Mei, 2013, Universiti Malaya Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia.

Tao, D. (2009). Intention to use and actual use of electronic information resources: Further exploring technology acceptance model (TAM). AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings 2009, (pp. 629–633).

Tezci, E. (2010). Attitudes and knowledge level of teachers in ICT use: The case of Turkish teachers. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7(2), 19-44.

Tsolakidis, C. (2004). ICT in Education: The dawn of a new era or the development of an accessory?. Kefalonia, Greece: University of Aegean.

Vitanova, V., & Pachemska, T. (2014). Determining the basic motivational factors of teacher to use ICT in their teaching using factor analysis. IMVI Open Mathematical Education Notes, 4, 1-8.

Yuan, Y. (2011). A survey study on uses and gratification of social networking sites in China. Athens, USA: Ohio University.

Yulfitri, A. (2008). Pengukuran kesenjangan digiral dalam pengusaan TIK di lingkungan pegawai pemerintah. Bandung, Indonesia: Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Zikmund, W. G. (2003). Business research methods (7th ed.). Ohio:Thomson/South-Western.

Zulham, M. (2014). Kesenjangan digital di kalangan guru SMP. Surabaya, Indonesia: Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.