Susuk, Wanita Dan Abjection Dalam Filem Seram Kontemporari Melayu

Azlina Asaari, Jamaluddin Aziz, Sabariah Mohamed Salleh

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Filem seram kontemporari Melayu menggunakan susuk sebagai satu elemen seram. Disebabkan populariti penggunaan susuk ini di kalangan masyarakat Melayu, pengamalan pemakaian susuk ini telah diangkat sebagai salah satu subjek dalam naratif filem-filem seram kontemporari Melayu. Susuk didefinisikan sebagai bendasing yang dimasukkan ke dalam tubuh badan sama ada dengan menggunakan mantera dan bagi pelbagai tujuan. Pelbagai kajian telah dibuat berkenaan watak wanita dalam filem seram di Malaysia, namun masih kurang yang menekankan kepada hubungan watak wanita dan susuk. Justeru, artikel ini  meneliti watak wanita dan susuk dalam dua filem seram kontemporari Melayu iaitu filem Susuk (2008) arahan Amir Muhammad dan Naeim  Ghalili dan filem Sumpahan Kum Kum (2012) arahan Ismail Bob Hashim. Dengan menggunakan konsep abjection dari teori psikoanalisis feminisme yang diketengahkan oleh Julia Kristeva (1982), kaedah analisis tekstual diguna pakai untuk mencari makna dan ideologi yang lahir dari pembinaan hubungan antara wanita, susuk dan genre filem seram. Analisis dibahagikan kepada dua iaitu watak dan perwatakan dan teknik perfileman. Analisis mendapati kedua-dua filem ini mampu mencabar ideologi patriarki yang menetapkan semua perkara di dalam dunia ini adalah stabil dan perlu distabilkan. Maka dengan adanya susuk, ia memberi ruang kepada wanita untuk mengganggu-gugat kestabilan sistem patriaki ini. Susuk dan watak wanita dalam filem-filem seram ini membuktikan bahawa ideologi dominan patriarki tidak sestabil seperti yang dikatakan.

 

Kata Kunci:Susuk; Sumpahan Kum Kum; Patriaki ; Psikoanalisis Feminisme; Abjection;

 

Susuk, Women and Abjection in Contemporary Malay Horror Films

 

ABSTRACT

Contemporary Malay horror films often use susuk as a horror element. Due to the popularity of susuk among the Malay communities, the practice of susuk as a source of  horror in contemporary Malay horror films is inevitable. Susuk is defined as impurities that are inserted into the body accompanied by magic spells. Various studies have been carried out on women characters in horror films in Malaysia. However, focuses on the relationship between women characters and susuk is largely ignored. Thus, this article examines women characters and susuk, focusing on two contemporary Malay horror films, namely Susuk (2008) directed by Amir Muhammad and Naeim Ghalili and Sumpahan Kum Kum (2012) directed by Ismail Bob Hashim. By using Julia Kristeva’s abjection (1982) within the Feminist Psychoanalysis tradition as the key concept, textual analysis is performed to elucidate the meaning and ideology of  the  texts. The analysis focused on character and characterisation as well as filming technique. The analysis revealed that these two films were able to defy  patriarchal ideology, which dictates that everything in this world is stable and should me made stable. The use of Susuk is able to empower the women characters; hence challenging patriarchal ideology. Susuk and women in these two films have proven that the dominant patriarchal ideology is not as stable as it purports to be.

 

Keywords: Susuk; Sumpahan  Kum Kum, Feminist Psychoanalysis; Patriarchy; Abjection;


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References


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