A Reflection of National Integration Process and the Role of Media in Malaysia

Chang Peng Kee, Kho Suet Nie


National integration is an ongoing process in Malaysia since independence. Media are found to play an important role to enhance the process, especially in disseminating government policies. This paper takes a glimpse for a reflection of the past and to emulate the present 1Malaysia roadmap for national integration. In this respect, journalistic professionalism was mentioned as to how media really play the role to unite the nation.

Full Text:



Ashraful Alam. 2007. National Integration of Malaysia: An Overview. http://www.academic.edu/7032764?National_integreation_of_Malaysia_an_overview. [Cited 6th January 2017]

Fekete. L. 2008. Integration, Islamophobia and civil rights in Europe. Institute of Race Relations. Upstream Ltd. London.

Gordon, M. 1964. Assimilation in American Life. New York; Oxford University Press.

Gurpreet Kaur. 2013. Understanding National Integration and Challenges in Its Way. Educationia Confab, Vol 2 (No.9).

Hanita Hassan, Hadina Habil & Noor Aireen Ibrahim. 2010. The Roles of Media in Realising ‘Unity In Diversity’. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research. www.ipedr.com [cited 1st February 2017]

Healey. J and O’Brien. E. 2007. Race, Ethnicity and Gender: Selected Readings. 2nd Edition. Pine Forge Press. Los Angeles.

Kallen, H. M. 1924. Culture and Democracy in the United States. New York: Boni & Liveright.

Lee, K.T. & Mohd Safar Hasim. 2015. Peranan Akhbar Cina Dalam Artikulasi Isu-Isu Sejarah Dan Pembentukan Negara-Bangsa. Jurnal Komunikasi/Malaysian Journal of Communication. 31(1), 257-280.

Lumsden, L. J. 2013. How Independent? An Analysis of GE13 Coverage by Malaysia’s Online News Portal Coverage. Jurnal Komunikasi/Malaysian Journal of Communication. 29(2), 1-30.

Maizatul Haizan Mahbob & Wan Idros Wan Sulaiman. 2014. Apa Hebatnya Program Transformasi Kerajaan? Jurnal Komunikasi/Malaysian Journal of Communication. 30(Special Issue), 145-158.

Ramlee Mustapha, Norzaini Azman, Faridah Karim, Abdul Razak Ahmad & Maimun Aqsha Lubis. 2009. Social Integration among Multi-Ethnic Students at Selected Malaysian Universities in Peninsular Malaysia: A Survey of Campus Social Climate. ASEAN Jpurnal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. Vol.1 (No.1) pp. 35-44

Press Freedom House. 2016. Freedom of the Press 2016 for Malaysia.

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2016/malaysia [cited 3rd March 2017]

Rudiger A & Spencer S (2003) Social Integration of Migrants and Ethnic Minorities: Policies to Combat Discrimination. Paper Presented at ‘The Economic and Social Aspects of Migration’ January 2003. http://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/about/publications/Sarah/OECDpaper03.pdf [Cited 13 July 2016].

Syed Arabi Idid and Latiffah Pawanteh. (1989). Media, Ethnicity and National Unity: A Malaysian Case. http:llhdl.handle.net/10220/412 [cited 30th January 2017]

Samsudin A. Rahim. (2001). Development, Media and Youth Issues in Malaysia. https://www.academia.edu/469934/Development_Media_and_Youth_Issues_in_Malaysia [cited 29th May 20016]

Building 1Malaysia. www.pmo.gov.my [cited 30th January 2017]


  • There are currently no refbacks.