ظواهر لهجية في الأمثال العربية القديمة الصّرف أنموذجًا Dialectal Features in Old Arabic Proverbs Morphology as a Model

Mahmoud Talab Abdeldeen

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This research investigates the dialectal features in the old Arabic proverbs, with regard to the morphological inflections. The research, mainly by an analytical and descriptive approach, shows the morphological characteristics of the ancient Arabic dialects in the proverbs recorded in the books of proverbs, dictionaries, pre-modern grammatical books, besides the sources that will be mentioned in the course of this study. This paper finds that one of the most important dialectal features, in terms of the morphological aspect, is the multiplicity of nominal, gerundive, or verbal forms of one word, all of which indicate the same meaning, in addition to that of the broken plurals of the same word. Among the morphological features of the dialects is the phenomenon of the metathesis in the use of some words.

The research concludes that these dialectal features in morphology show the remarkable linguistic diversity, which was common among the Arabic speakers at that time and gave the language-speakers flexibility in the use of words. It is this linguistic diversity that contributed to the richness of Arabic language, especially, its nominal and verbal forms.

ABSTRAK

Kajian ini mengkaji ciri-ciri dialek dalam peribahasa Arab kuno, dengan mengambil kira perubahan morfologi. Penyelidikan ini menumpukan kepada pendekatan analitik dan deskriptif, menunjukkan ciri-ciri dialek morfologi Arab kuno dalam peribahasa yang dicatatkan oleh buku-buku peribahasa, kamus, buku tatabahasa pra-moden dan sumber-sumber yang akan disebut dalam kursus kajian ini. Makalah ini mendapati bahawa salah satu ciri dialek yang paling penting dari segi aspek morfologi adalah kepelbagaian bentuk nominal, gerundif, atau lisan dalam satu perkataan yang semuanya menunjukkan makna yang sama selain daripada penggunaan kata majmuk dalam perkataan yang sama. Antara ciri-ciri morfologi dialek ialah fenomena metatesis dalam penggunaan beberapa perkataan.

Kajian ini merumuskan bahawa ciri-ciri dialek morfologi menunjukkan kepelbagaian linguistik yang luar biasa yang biasa berlaku dalam kalangan penutur bahasa Arab pada masa itu dan memberikan keanjalan (fleksibiliti) penutur bahasa dalam penggunaan kata-kata. Ia adalah kepelbagaian linguistik yang menyumbang kepada kekayaan bahasa Arab terutamanya bentuk nominal dan lisan.


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References


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