Strategi daya tindak penjaga pesakit mental di Perlis (Coping strategies of mentally ill family caregivers in Perlis)

Paramjit Singh Jamir Singh, Azlinda Azman, Syazwani Drani

Abstract


Penyakit mental tidak hanya memberi kesan kepada pesakit mental tetapi ia juga memberi impak kepada kehidupan ahli keluarga mereka. Menjaga ahli keluarga yang mengidap penyakit mental akan memberi tekanan dan beban yang besar terhadap penjaga keluarga. Kajian kualitatif ini bertujuan untuk meneroka strategi daya tindak yang digunakan oleh ahli keluarga yang bertindak sebagai penjaga kepada ahli keluarga mereka yang mengidap penyakit mental. Seramai lima belas (15) orang responden iaitu penjaga yang menjaga ahli keluarga mereka di negeri Perlis telah ditemubual dan mengambil bahagian dalam kajian ini secara sukarela. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa penjaga keluarga pesakit mental telah menggunakan beberapa strategi daya tindak bagi menjaga ahli keluarga mereka yang mengidap penyakit mental seperti pendekatan keagamaan, mendapatkan sokongan emosi, bersabar dan melibatkan diri dalam aktiviti riadah. Kajian ini mencadangkan agar penjaga keluarga melibatkan diri dalam kumpulan sokong bantu bagi membolehkan mereka untuk mendapatkan sokongan emosi dan maklumat yang diperlukan daripada penjaga lain yang mempunyai pengalaman yang sama dalam memberikan penjagaan terhadap pesakit mental. Selain itu, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia juga perlulah berupaya untuk menyediakan latihan yang bersesuaian kepada semua penjaga yang memberi penjagaan terhadap ahli keluarga mereka yang mengidap penyakit mental. Latihan ini sememangnya penting bagi membolehkan penjaga keluarga menyediakan perkhidmatan penjagaan yang lebih baik terhadap ahli keluarga mereka yang mengidap penyakit mental.

Kata kunci: beban, penjaga keluarga, penyakit mental, pesakit mental, strategi daya tindak, tekanan

Mental illness does not only affect the mentally ill, but it also impacts the lives of their family members. Tending to a family member who suffers from mental illness can cause a significant amount of stress and burden on the family caregivers. This qualitative study aims to explore coping strategy used by family members who act as caregivers of their mentally ill members. A total of fifteen (15) respondents, focusing on the family caregivers, had voluntarily participated in this study. The findings indicated that the family caregivers took several coping strategies in taking care of their mentally ill members such as religious approach, emotional support, patience and recreational activity. This study suggests that the family caregivers should engage in support groups, which consist of individuals that have similar experience, in order for them to gain emotional support and to obtain necessary information in taking care of their mentally ill members. In addition, the Ministry of Health Malaysia is urged to provide suitable training to these affected family caregivers. Such training will be quite beneficial as it will help the family caregivers to better care of their family member who suffers from the mental illness.

Keywords: burden, family caregivers, mental illness, mentally ill patient, coping strategy, stress


Keywords


Kajian kualitatif; penyakit mental; penjaga keluarga; pesakit mental; strategi daya tindak; tekanan dan beban

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References


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