Identity Formation of the Traditional Courtyard Shop houses Interiors: Case Study in George Town, Penang (Pembentukan Identiti halaman tradisional pada Dalaman Rumah Kedai: Kajian Kes di George Town Pulau Pinang)

Akram Zwain, Azizi Bahauddin


The traditional Straits Chinese courtyard shop house is the basic building typology of George Town Heritage City for hundreds of years. The shop house is harmonised in its architectural design identity formation. Many studies have shown that the identity formation of traditional Straits Chinese courtyard shop houses underwent a series of transformation throughout the passage of time. Therefore the interiors formation of shop houses buildings have become a threat by losing the authentic identity in George Town Heritage City. Thus, this paper aims to identify the identity formation of the traditional courtyard of shop houses interiors. A qualitative research approach was employed to obtain data from primary and secondary sources. The reason is to understand the design identity of the traditional courtyard architectural components. Thematic analysis was adopted, and five themes were used to present and discussed the results. This study found that the main multi-cultural (Malay, Chinese, and European) has influenced the identity formation of the traditional courtyard shop house interiors. The outcome is a combination of built cultural heritage. Findings also show that focusing on promoting the traditional courtyard identity formation ensures a strong appreciation of its existence. As part of the practical implications, this paper contributes to reawaken policymakers and other stakeholders. This will stir-up the drive for the sustainability of the traditional courtyard shop houses in George Town, Malaysia.

Keywords: Place Identity; Traditional Courtyard Shop house; Cultural Identity; Identity Formation; Strait Chinese




Halaman rumah kedai tradisional Selat Cina merupakan bangunan tipologi asas di Bandar Warisan George Town untuk beratus tahun. Rumah kedai ini diharmonikan pembentukan identitinya melalui rekabentuk seni bina. Banyak kajian menunjukkan pembentukan identiti halaman rumah kedai tradisional Selat Cina telah melalui beberapa siri transformasi seiring perubahan masa.Oleh itu pembentukan dalaman menjadi ancaman dengan kehilangan keaslian pada identiti bangunan rumah kedai di Bandar Warisan George Town. Justeru, makalah ini ditulis bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti pembentukan identiti pada senibina dalaman rumah kedai tradisional. Pendekatan kajian kualitatif telah digunakan bagi mendapatkan data dari sumber utama dan sekunder.  Hal ini adalah untuk memahami rekabentuk identiti pada komponen senibina yang melibatkan halaman tradisional. Analisis tematik telah digunapakai dan lima tema diadaptasi untuk membentangkan dan membincangkan dapatan kajian ini. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa kepelbagaian budaya (Melayu, Cina dan Eropah) telah mempengaruhi pembentukan identiti pada senibina dalaman halaman rumah kedai tradisional. Ini membawa kepada penggabungan warisan budaya. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan tumpuan terhadap promosi pembentukan identiti halaman tradisional telah mengukuhkan nilai penghargaan yang kuat terhadap kewujudannya. Sebagai sebahagian daripada implikasi praktikal, makalah ini memberi sumbangan berbentuk kesedaran kepada pembuat dasar dan pihak-pihak berkepentingan. Ini akan mendorong kerja berterusan terhadap usaha pemuliharaan halaman rumah kedai tradisional di George Town, Malaysia.

Kata kunci: Identiti tempat; Halaman Rumah Kedai Tradisional; Identiti Budaya; Pembentukan Identiti; Cina Selat

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