Influence of Social Networking on Malaysian Female Secondary Students: A Qualitative Study across Three Schools (Pengaruh Rangkaian Sosial ke atas Pelajar Sekolah Menengah di Malaysia: Satu Kajian Kualitatif di Tiga Buah Sekolah)

Thang Siew Ming, Noorizah Mohd Noor, Ng Lay Shi, Adzuhaidah Md Taha, Noor Baizura Abdul Aziz


Social networking (SN) allows individuals to make connections with each other for both social and business purposes.  The purpose of this research study is to find out the influence of SN on students from three Malaysian secondary schools by comparing their attitudes and behaviour towards SN besides finding out whether they are aware of the risks and danger involved, and how they handle them. These schools are all normal day schools and are located in three different types of school environments in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur namely: urban, suburban and rural. Focus groups interviews were conducted on these students who were asked to give their response to seven scenarios depicting negative situations involving SN such as texting, cyberbullying, and hacking and identity theft.  The findings revealed that these students were not very different from those in the west in that they are aware of risks involving in SN and will stay clear of risky behaviours.  However, students in these three schools handled the problems related to SN in a more direct manner compared to the elite students in Thang et al.'s (2016) study. In particular, students in School C which is a rural school seemed to be less perturbed over the negative consequences of SN compared to students in the other schools.  


Keywords: Malaysian teenagers; cyberbullying; social networking; attitudes; risks



Rangkaian Sosial (RS) membolehkan individu berkomunikasi antara satu sama lain untuk tujuan sosial dan perniagaan. Matlamat kertas kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh RS ke atas pelajar-pelajar perempuan dari tiga buah sekolah menengah di Malaysia dengan membandingkan sikap dan tingkah laku mereka terhadap RS dan mengetahui sama ada mereka sedar akan risiko dan bahaya yang terlibat disamping bagaimana mereka menanganinya. Sekolah-sekolah ini adalah sekolah harian biasa dan terletak di tiga jenis persekitaran yang berlainan di sekitar Selangor dan Kuala Lumpur iaitu bandar, pinggir bandar dan luar bandar.  Temubual kumpulan fokus dijalankan keatas pelajar-pelajar ini untuk mendapat reaksi mereka terhadap 7 senario yang memaparkan situasi negatif yang melibatkan RS seperti pemesejan teks, buli siber, penggodaman dan kecurian identiti. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan pelajar-pelajar ini tidak begitu berbeza dengan pelajar di negara barat dari segi kesedaran mereka terhadap risiko dan lantas menjauhi dari tingkah laku berisiko. Selain dari itu, didapati pelajar-pelajar ini menangani masalah yang berkaitan dengan RS secara langsung berbanding dengan pelajar di sekolah elit dalam kajian oleh Thang et al. (2016). Pelajar-pelajar Sekolah C, sebuah sekolah luar bandar, seolah-olah tidak peduli dengan kesan negatif RS berbanding dengan pelajar-pelajar lain.


Kata kunci: Remaja Malaysia; buli siber; rangkaian sosial; sikap; risiko 

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