Engaging Postgraduate Students in Preparing Research Proposals (Melibatkan Pelajar Pascasiswazah dalam Menyediakan Cadangan Penyelidikan)

Pramela Krish, Khazriyati Salehuddin, Norizan A. Razak

Abstract


Both foreign and local postgraduate candidates of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia come from diverse backgrounds and experiences. These students face several problems especially in writing the research proposals. Hence, to facilitate the process of writing a proposal, they are required to enrol in Research Methodology, a course that is made compulsory for all postgraduate students. This article presents a report on an action research that investigates the research skills of English as a Second Language postgraduates and their research journey while undergoing the Research Methodology course. Data was collected from their weekly journal entries and the interviews conducted on them. This data is also supported with the feedback by the Research Methodology course instructors during the proposal defense sessions. The findings suggest that although the students seemed enthusiastic when writing their proposals, they were not ready when faced with questions about research problems and approaches. It is found that these students did not read extensively to identify the gaps in their research and this hence, resulted in them facing difficulties to write a clear statement of the problem. This also led to poor formulation of their research questions. The findings will be beneficial for instructors and potential supervisors who aim to be better at teaching and supervising potential postgraduate students.

 

Keywords: Research methodology; research skills; research proposals;             supervision; postgraduates

 

ABSTRAK

Pelajar pascasiswazah tempatan dan luar negara yang menuntut di Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia datang dari pelbagai latar belakang dan pengalaman. Sebahagian besar daripada mereka menghadapi pelbagai masalah dalam menulis cadangan penyelidikan. Justeru, untuk memudahkan mereka dalam proses menulis cadangan penyelidikan, kesemua pelajar pascasiszawah di Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia diwajibkan mengikuti kursus Metodologi Penyelidikan. Makalah ini membentangkan laporan mengenai kemahiran pelajar pascasiswazah program Bahasa Inggeris sebagai Bahasa Kedua dan perjalanan penyelidikan mereka semasa mengikuti kursus Metodologi Penyelidikan. Data dikumpul dari catatan jurnal mingguan mereka dan sesi temu bual yang dijalankan. Data ini turut disokong oleh maklum balas dari tenaga pengajar kursus Metodologi Penyelidikan sebaik sahaja pelajar selesai mempertahankan cadangan penyelidikan mereka secara lisan. Dapatan menunjukkan bahawa walaupun pada zahirnya para pelajar nampak bersemangat untuk menulis cadangan penyelidikan mereka, namun mereka masih belum bersedia untuk menulis, lebih-lebih lagi apabila berhadapan dengan soalan-soalan tentang permasalahan kajian dan pendekatan kajian. Hal ini terjadi disebabkan oleh pembacaan pelajar yang tidak cukup meluas untuk mereka mengenal pasti kelompangan dalam penyelidikan mereka. Ini menyebabkan mereka menghadapi masalah untuk menulis permasalahan kajian dengan jelas serta membina persoalan kajian yang baik. Hasil kajian ini akan dapat dimanfaatkan oleh tenaga pengajar dan penyelia dalam usaha mereka meningkatkan prestasi pengajaran dan penyeliaan di peringkat pascasiswazah.

 

Kata kunci: Metodologi penyelidikan; kemahiran menyelidik; cadangan             penyelidikan; penyeliaan; pascasiswazah


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