Hypermedia Literacy: An Insight into English as a Foreign Language Online Reading Processes (Literasi Hypermedia: Suatu Penelitian Proses Pembacaan atas Talian dalam Bahasa Inggeris Sebagai Bahasa Asing)

Hazita Azman, Sepideh Mirzaeifard, Zaini Amir


The advent of the Internet has generated new ways of reading for knowledge, suggesting that digital literacy is a necessity for students of this new era. Even so, there is still a dearth of knowledge in the field that can provide rich theoretical descriptions of online reading processes of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) readers in the hypertext environment. This article elucidates the perceptual learning strategies and the metacognitive reading strategies of English as a Foreign Language students in hypertext reading environment. Their perceived preferred practices were elicited through a questionnaire and interviews, while actual observed online behaviours were recorded with Camtasia Studio 7. Based on these data sources, patterns of reading hypermedia texts on an online reading platform were identified and compared using NVivo 9. The findings indicated that the students’ perceived as well as their preferred learning styles and metacognitive reading strategies were mostly not performed or applied by them when they were engaged in the actual hypermedia reading environment. These differences in behaviours were contributed to the reading tasks and hypermedia tools made available by the platform facilitating their reading processes. Most significantly, the study revealed that the types of hypermedia tool available enabled them to modify their previously preferred practices for other ways of reading and comprehending the hypermedia texts. Moreover, the findings have also implied that students reading hypermedia texts online can develop different choices of sensory pathways unique to digital literacy environments. Thus the findings are significant as they contribute towards the currently limited knowledge about electronic literacy and online reading processes.

Keywords: Hypermedia reading; hypertext; EFL learning styles; online reading strategies; digital literacy


Kemunculan Internet telah menghasilkan cara baru untuk membaca dan mengakses pengetahuan, sekaligus menggariskan literasi digital sebagai satu keperluan hakiki pelajar era baru kini. Sungguh pun begitu ilmu serta teori mantap yang memberi penerangan kukuh berkenaan proses pembacaan dan kefahaman pelajar bahasa Inggeris-sebagai-bahasa asing dalam persekitaran hiperteks ini masih kurang mantap. Artikel ini menghuraikan persepsi berkenaan laluan deria dan strategi metakognitif pelajar berkenaan semasa membaca hiperteks atas talian. Kedua-dua persepsi amalan pilihan mereka serta tingkah laku sebenar yang diperhatikan berlaku semasa mereka membaca teks hipermedia atas talian, telah dikenalpastikan dan dibandingkan. Persepsi amalan dalam proses membaca dicungkil melalui soal selidik dan sesi temuduga, sementara tingkah laku sebenar semasa membaca atas talian dirakam melalui Camtasia Studio 7.  Berdasarkan sumber data ini, corak membaca teks hipermedia atas talian telah dianalisis mengguna Nvivo 9. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan pelajar tidak menggunakan gaya pembelajaran dan strategi metakognitif membaca seperti mengikut persepsi mereka, semasa melakukan pembacaan hipermedia atas talian yang sebenar. Perbezaan persepsi dan tingkah laku sebenar telah berlaku akibat kesan dari jenis tugasan bacaan yang diberi dan juga alat hipermedia yang disediakan. Paling ketara, kajian menunjukkan bahawa amalan strategi yang menjadi pilihan biasa kepada pembaca diubah suai untuk membantu mereka memahami teks hipermedia dengan lebih berkesan dan efisyen. Justeru itu adanya alat-alat hipermedia dalam platform bacaan atas talian, proses laluan deria seorang pengguna bahasa Inggeris-sebagai-bahasa asing boleh berubah mengikut persekitaran literasi digital yang dibentuk. Oleh itu dapatan kajian ini amatlah bermakna kerana ia menyumbang kepada pengetahuan literasi elektronik dan proses pembacaan atas talian.

Kata kunci: bacaan hipermedia; hiperteks; gaya pembelajaran bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa asing; bacaan atas talian; literasi digital

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