Struktur Suku Kata Terbitan Dialek Terengganu (The Derivative Syllable Structure of Terengganu Dialect)

Nur Adibah Hasan, Sharifah Raihan Syed Jaafar

Abstract


Setakat ini, masih belum ada kajian lepas yang memfokuskan tentang struktur suku kata  dialek Terengganu, salah satu dialek yang dituturkan di Malaysia. Kajian lepas oleh Collins dan Asmah membincangkan tentang dialek Terengganu, walau bagaimanapun  hanya melihat aspek-aspek umum dialek tersebut serta tidak meneliti struktur suku katanya. Kajian-kajian lepas selain daripada Collins dan Asmah pula banyak menumpukan kepada dialek-dialek Melayu yang lain. Oleh itu, kajian ini membincangkan struktur suku kata terbitan dialek Terengganu dengan memfokuskan kepada proses perubahan struktur suku kata dan analisis terhadap struktur suku kata dialek Terengganu. Kajian ini menggunakan data dialek Terengganu yang diperolehi daripada siaran radio Terengganu.fm yang berfrekuensi 88.7 yang meliputi Kuala Terengganu, Marang, Hulu Terengganu dan Setiu. Untuk tujuan ini, analisis tatatingkat kekangan daripada teori Optimaliti yang dibangunkan oleh Prince dan Smolensky diaplikasikan. Pemerhatian daripada data menunjukkan dialek Terengganu mempunyai tiga jenis struktur suku kata iaitu KV, KVK dan KKV. Ketiga-tiga struktur suku kata yang telah dikenal pasti ini mewujudkan perbezaan tatatingkat kekangan. Hasil analisis telah  menghasilkan tatatingkat kekangan seperti berikut: ONSET >> MAKS-IO >> *KODA >> IDENT-IO[F] >> *ONS KOMPLEKS. 

Kata kunci: Struktur suku kata; dialek Terengganu; fonologi; teori Optimaliti; dialek Melayu


Abstrak


So far, no previous studies have focused on the syllable structure of the Terengganu dialect which is one of the dialects spoken in Malaysia. Previous studies by Collins and Asmah have discussed Terengganu dialect, however emphasis was on the general aspects of the phonology of the dialect and not its syllable structure.  Many previous studies apart from Collins and Asmah have focused on the other Malay dialects. Therefore, this study discusses the derivative syllable structure of the Terengganu dialect, focusing on the changes and the analysis of the syllable structure. Data of the Terengganu dialect was obtained from the Terengganu.fm 88.7 radio which covers Kuala Terengganu, Marang, Hulu Terengganu and Setiu. The hierarchical ranking analysis from the Optimality theory which has been developed by Prince and Smolensky was applied. The observation from the data show that this dialect has three types of syllable structures i.e. CV, CVC and CCV. These three syllable structures which have been identified portray the differences in constraint rankings. The analysis yields the following constraint ranking: ONSET >> MAX-IO >> *CODA >> *ONS COMPLEX.

Keywords: Syllable structure; Terengganu dialect; phonology; Optimality theory; Malay dialect


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References


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