Controlling Shareholders’ Proxy and Multiple Directorships: Insight Evidence from Related Party Transactions

Mohd Mohid Rahmat, Hanis Amera Mohd Amin, Norman Mohd Saleh

Abstract


This study examines the association between controlling shareholders' networks (i.e., controlling shareholders’ proxy (CSProxy) and controlling shareholders’ multiple-directorships (CSMultiD)) and related-party transactions (RPTs), particularly involving controlling shareholders' interests (RPT-conflict). This study also examines the impact of interaction between CSProxy and CSMultiD on firm engagement with RPTs, and RPT-conflict. The hypotheses are tested using a sample of 548 listed companies in Malaysia over the period 2012-2014 with a total of 1,550 observations. The results show that CSProxy is not associated with RPTs, and RPT-conflict. The CSMultiD is also not associated with RPTs. However, it has a positive relationship with RPT-conflict. Additionally, an interaction between CSProxy and CSMultiD increases the likelihood of firms to engage and disclose more RPTs; in contrast, it discloses lower magnitude of RPT-conflict. The opportunistic controlling shareholders may exploit their conflict of interest for private benefits by hiding their intention behind the RPTs. Overall, these findings provide partial empirical support to the argument that controlling shareholders seek to use their network relationship to influence firms to engage with related parties. These findings raise concerns to the regulators and policy makers, specifically on the ability of the controlling shareholders in utilizing their position and networks opportunistically to expropriate firm resources for personal purposes.


Keywords


controlling shareholder; proxy; multiple directorship; related party transactions; RPT-conflict

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